George Balanchine (1904–1983) was the Stravinsky of dance. Like Stravinsky, his most frequent collaborator, Balanchine was a Russian émigré who moved to America via Paris. Both the choreographer and the composer were leading figures in their field – and defining forces of 20th-century art.
Jerome Robbins was caught between the moon and New York City. The first quintessentially American choreographer, he fulfilled the American dream without ever fitting it: a small-town boy who made it big in ballet and on Broadway, he was also a self-proclaimed "Jewish ex-commie fag who had to go into a mental hospital".